Episode 5: Necessity for Decolonisation


  • coloniality
  • grammars of liberation
  • banner of decolonisation
  • banner of indigenization
  • banner of Africanisation
  • banner of social inclusion
  • demonumentalisation movement


Patricia Pinky Ndlovu

Concept & Content Development
Thando Tilmann and Tamar Sarkissian

Film Team
Dr. Johanna Ickert, René Arnold and Andrew Berry


Birnbaum, Michael. “Black Lives Matter Protesters in Belgium Want Statues of Colonialist King Léopold II to Come Down.” Washington Post, 2020. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/black-lives-matter-protests-king-leopold-statues/2020/06/09/042039f6-a9c5-11ea-9063-e69bd6520940_story.html.

Blackstock, Cindy, and Pamela Palmater. “The Discovery of Mass Unmarked Graves in Canada Has Indigenous People Asking: How Many More?” The Guardian, 2021. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2021/jun/09/discovery-mass-graves-canada-indigenous-people-first-nations-residential-schools.

Bland, Archie. “Edward Colston Statue Replaced by Sculpture of Black Lives Matter Protester Jen Reid.” The Guardian, 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jul/15/edward-colston-statue-replaced-by-sculpture-of-black-lives-matter-protester.

Bracelli, Patrick. “Black Lives Matter, What Statues Have Been Removed and Why.” Lifegate, 2020. https://www.lifegate.com/black-lives-matter-statues.

Chang, Ailsa, Christopher Intagliata, and Sarah Handel. “New Zealand considers changing its name to confront its troubled colonial past.” NPR, 2022. https://www.npr.org/2022/08/05/1115627020/new-zealand-maori-aotearoa-colonization-name-change-petition.

Du Bois, William E. B. The Souls of Black Folk. Chicago: A.C. McClurg & Co., 1903.

Du Bois, William E. B. “The Talented Tenth (1903).” Essay. In The Problem of the Color Line at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: The Essential Early Essays, edited by Nahum Dimitri Chandler. American Philisophy. New York: Fordham University Press, 2015. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1287g49.

“Dutch King Commissions Research into Royal Role in Colonialism.” The Guardian, 2022. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/dec/06/research-into-royal-role-in-colonialism-commissioned-by-dutch-king.

Fihlani, Pumza. “’We Are Students Thanks to South Africa’s #FeesMustFall Protests’.” BBC, 2019. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-47952787.

Godfery, Morgan. “Māori Might Be the ‘Luckiest’ Indigenous People – but That’s Not down to New Zealand Exceptionalism.” The Guardian, 2022. https://www.theguardian.com/world/commentisfree/2022/feb/04/maori-might-be-the-luckiest-indigenous-people-but-thats-not-down-to-new-zealand-exceptionalism.

Grosfoguel, Ramón. Colonial Subjects: Puerto Ricans in a Global Perspective. University of California Press, 2003.

Grosfoguel, Ramón. “Decolonizing Post-Colonial Studies and Paradigms of Political-Economy: Transmodernity, Decolonial Thinking, and Global Coloniality.” Transmodernity: Journal of Peripheral Cultural Production of the Luso-Hispanic World 1, no. 1 (2011). https://doi.org/10.5070/t411000004.

Grosfoguel Ramón, Nelson Maldonado-Torres, and Saldívar José David. Latino/as in the World-System Decolonization Struggles in the Twenty-First Century U.S. Empire. 1st ed. New York: Routledge, 2005. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315633756.

Grovier, Kelly. “Black Lives Matter Protests: Why Are Statues so Powerful?” BBC, 2020. https://www.bbc.com/culture/article/20200612-black-lives-matter-protests-why-are-statues-so-powerful.

Henley, Jon. “Dutch PM apologises for Netherlands’ role in slave trade.” The Guardian, 2022. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/dec/19/dutch-pm-apologises-for-netherlands-role-in-slave-trade.

Maldonado-Torres, Nelson. Against War Views from the Underside of Modernity. Latin America Otherwise. Durham: Duke University Press, 2008.

Maldonado-Torres, Nelson. “On the Coloniality of Being.” Cultural Studies 21, no. 2-3 (2007): 240–70. https://doi.org/10.1080/09502380601162548.

Menon, Praveen, and Anna Mehler Paperny. “Queen’s Death Shines Spotlight on Wrongs Suffered by Indigenous People.” Reuters, 2022. https://www.reuters.com/world/uk/queens-death-shines-spotlight-wrongs-suffered-by-indigenous-people-2022-09-18/.

Mignolo, Walter, and Catherine E. Walsh. On Decoloniality: Concepts, Analytics and Praxis. Durham: Duke University Press, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1215/9780822371779.

Moseley, Megan. “The Hawaiian Elders Awaiting Trial for Protesting the World’s Largest Telescope.” The Guardian, 2022. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/feb/08/hawaii-elders-awaiting-trial-for-protesting-worlds-largest-telescope-mauna-kea.

Murray, Adrienne. “Inuit Greenlanders Demand Answers over Danish Birth Control Scandal.” BBC, 2022. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-63049387.

Savoy, Bénédicte. Africa’s Struggle for Its Art: History of a Postcolonial Defeat. Translated by Susanne Meyer-Abich. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2022. https://press.princeton.edu/books/ebook/9780691235912/africas-struggle-for-its-art.

Selvin, Claire, and Tessa Solomon. “Toppled and Removed Monuments: A Continually Updated Guide to Statues and the Black Lives Matter Protests.” Art News, 2020. https://www.artnews.com/art-news/news/monuments-black-lives-matter-guide-1202690845/.

Sharma, Gouri. “Art Challenging Berlin and Lisbon’s Colonial Leaders.” Deutsche Welle, 2018. https://www.dw.com/en/the-art-project-challenging-berlin-and-lisbons-colonial-leaders/a-43683555.

Timalsina, Tarun. “Why Rhodes Must Fall.” Harvard Political Review, 2021. https://harvardpolitics.com/rhodes-must-fall/.

Torkaman, Ava. “Enough Is Enough: The Ongoing Forced and Coerced Sterilization of Indigenous Women in Canada.” The McGill International Review, 2022. https://www.mironline.ca/enough-is-enough-the-ongoing-forced-and-coerced-sterilization-of-indigenous-women-in-canada/.