Episode 11: Inspiring Scholars and Social Movements


  • Anton Wilhelm Amo
  • Ngugui wa Thiongo
  • Kwame Nkrume
  • Claude Ake
  • Walter Mignolo
  • Ramon Grosfoguel
  • Nelson Maldonado-Torres
  • Maria Lugones
  • Oyeronke Oyewumi


Patricia Pinky Ndlovu

Concept & Content Development
Thando Tilmann and Tamar Sarkissian

Film Team
Dr. Johanna Ickert, René Arnold and Andrew Berry


Ake, Claude. Social Science as Imperialism: The Theory of Political Development. Ibadan: Ibadan University Press, 1979.

Amo, Anton Wilhelm. Antonius Guilielmus Amo Afer of Axim in Ghana : Student, Doctor of Philosophy, Master and Lecturer at the Universities of Halle, Wittenberg, Jena; 1727-1747: Translation of His Works. Edited by Dorothea Siegmund-Schultze. Translated by Leonard A. Jones. Halle (Saale): Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, 1968.

“Anton Wilhelm Amo at the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg.” Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, n.d. https://www.amo.uni-halle.de/?lang=en.

Benyera, Everisto, and Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni. “Fees Must Fall: Lessons from Student Struggles in South Africa.” Kujenga Amani, January 5, 2017. https://kujenga-amani.ssrc.org/2017/01/05/fees-must-fall-lessons-from-student-struggles-in-south-africa/.

Brentjes, Burchard. Anton Wilhelm Amo: Der Schwarze Philosoph in Halle. Leipzig: Koehler & Amelang, 1976.

Espinosa-Miñoso, Yuderkys, María Lugones, and Nelson Maldonado-Torres, eds. Decolonial Feminism in Abya Yala Caribbean, Meso, and South American Contributions and Challenges. Global Critical Caribbean Thought. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2022.

Grosfoguel, Ramón. “Decolonizing Post-Colonial Studies and Paradigms of Political-Economy: Transmodernity, Decolonial Thinking, and Global Coloniality.” Transmodernity: Journal of Peripheral Cultural Production of the Luso-Hispanic World 1, no. 1 (2011). https://doi.org/10.5070/t411000004.

Hlatshwayo, Mondli. “Solidarity During the ‘Outsourcing Must Fall’ Campaign: The Role of Different Players in Ending Outsourcing at South African Universities.” Politikon 47, no. 3 (2020): 305–20. https://doi.org/10.1080/02589346.2020.1795993.

Lugones, María. “Motion, Stasis, and Resistance to Interlocked Oppressions.” Essay. In Making Worlds: Gender, Metaphor, Materiality, edited by Susan Hardy Aiken, 49–53. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1998.

Lugones, María. Pilgrimages/Peregrinajes: Theorizing Coalition Against Multiple Oppressions. Feminist Constructions. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, Inc., 2003.

Maldonado-Torres, Nelson. “Thinking through the Decolonial Turn: Post-Continental Interventions in Theory, Philosophy, and Critique – An Introduction.” Transmodernity: Journal of Peripheral Cultural Production of the Luso-Hispanic World 1, no. 2 (2011). https://doi.org/10.5070/t412011805.

Mignolo, Walter, and Catherine E. Walsh. On Decoloniality: Concepts, Analytics and Praxis. Durham: Duke University Press, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1215/9780822371779.

Nkrumah, Kwame. Neo-Colonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism. London: Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd.,1965.

Oyěwùmí, Oyèrónké, ed. African Gender Studies: A Reader. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-137-09009-6.

Oyěwùmí, Oyèrónkẹ́, ed. African Women and Feminism: Reflecting on the Politics of Sisterhood. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2003.

Oyěwùmí, Oyèrónkẹ́, ed. Gender Epistemologies in Africa: Gendering Traditions, Spaces, Social Institutions, and Identities. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230116276.

Oyěwùmí, Oyèrónké. The Invention of Women: Making an African Sense of Western Gender Discourses. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5749/j.ctttt0vh.

Oyěwùmí, Oyèrónḱẹ. “The Translation of Cultures: Engendering Yorùbá Language, Orature, and World-Sense.” Essay. In Women, Gender, Religion A Reader, edited by Elizabeth A. Castelli, 76–97. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-137-04830-1_7.

Oyěwùmí, Oyèrónké. What Gender Is Motherhood?: Changing Yorùbá Ideals on Power, Procreation, and Identity in the Age of Modernity. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

Price, Dot. “Rethinking the Enlightenment: Anton Wilhelm Amo (c. 1703 to c. 1753).” University of Bristol, 2021. https://www.bristol.ac.uk/history/public-engagement/blackhistory/snapshots/nzimaantoniuswilhelmamoafer/.

Smith, Justin E. H. “Anton Wilhelm Amo.” Essay. In Nature, Human Nature, & Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy, 207–30. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1515/9781400866311-011.