Biography: Dr. Nandera Ernest Mhando is the Head of the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies at the College of Humanities, University of Dar es Salaam. She is also a senior lecturer in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the College of Social Sciences. She has a PhD in Social Anthropology from Goldsmiths, University of London, an MA in Sociology and a BA with honours from the University of Dar es Salaam. Her work explores decoloniality, development, and cultural transformation describing gender, social inclusion, religion, and livelihood. Dr. Mhando’s most recent works are on: working mothers, urban vendors, disability and inclusion, charity works across the border of Kenya and Tanzania, Pentecostal-charismatic churches in Tanzania and Kenya, female and traditional male circumcision, critical gender and indigenous practice/agricultural transformation.