Session 43

J3 A Mixed Method Approach to The Prevention of Lifestyle Diseases in The Work Environment

Many different studies can benefit from the usage of a mixed methods research approach. This approach establishes the foundation for the investigation by gathering both quantitative and qualitative data, fusing the two types of data, and employing various designs that could include philosophical presumptions and theoretical frameworks. The researcher uses convergent mixed methods to combine quantitative and qualitative data in order to provide a thorough study of the research problem. In most cases, the investigator gathers both types of data at or around the same time and then incorporates the data in the analysis of the overall findings. In this design, contradictions are clarified or investigated further. On the other hand, a researcher using an explanatory sequential mixed method design would first do quantitative research, analyze the findings, and then expand on the findings to provide a more thorough qualitative analysis. Because the qualitative data further explains the initial quantitative data results, it is regarded as explanatory. Because the initial quantitative phase is followed by the qualitative phase, it is regarded as sequential. Finally, the exploratory sequential mixed methods design follows the explanatory sequential design in reverse. The exploratory sequential technique starts with a qualitative research phase where the researcher examines the perspectives of participants. Following data analysis, the information is used to develop a second, quantitative phase. The qualitative phase can be used to create an instrument that is most appropriate for the sample being studied, to determine the best instruments to use in the follow-up quantitative phase, to create an intervention for an experiment, to design an app or website, or to specify the variables that must be included in a follow-up quantitative study. One strategy for preventing lifestyle diseases in the workplace is the explanatory sequential mixed approach design. It is possible to start by doing cross-sectional descriptive research (survey). After the survey data has been analyzed, department or division heads would participate in focus groups, and key informant interviews with the personnel of the cafeteria, sports department, and wellness programs would be conducted. This study’s qualitative phase’s goal is to offer in-depth data to complement the survey results. The cross-sectional descriptive study’s goal is to extrapolate the sample’s findings to a variety of demographics. The goal is to be able to confidently extrapolate population-level conclusions from the sample-level data. Because it is easier to extrapolate results from the study’s sampling group to a larger population, this research methodology was chosen consequently. Papers that have employed a mixed technique approach will be presented during this session. Other fields, such as social and spatial sciences, will be covered in addition to health.