3.Mapping Urban Borders: A methodological approach from an “interdesign” perspective to the landscape units in metropolitan cities. The case of Buenos Aires and its agglomeration in Argentina
Mitchell de Sousa (University of Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Nicolás Groppa (University of Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Analía Fernández (University of Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Guillermo Tella (University of Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Susana Toroski (University of Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Historically, cities, especially those that are still thriving today, have developed on the natural elements that have been their economic engine. In some cases, cities exhaust their initial productive cycles and move on to others that end up relegating the first ones. These in turn cease to be the main environment, the landscape of the productive model, and become urban edges. Other urban edges are formed through infrastructures that precisely seek to connect certain points of the city to a given population but end up excluding others. In the enclosures where the edges physically limit urban spaces, intricate territories are found with diverse identities but with complexities that limit them to those and other spaces. The objective of this work, which has an interdisciplinary research team within the design careers of the University of Buenos Aires, is to present the progress of our research in perceptual mapping methodologies for the analysis of urban edges by studying what we call landscape units in order to detect territories at smaller scales for the generation of planning units, and thus analyze the connections that exist between them, to enhance the possibilities of urban interventions in small areas of the territory without interfering with the whole network of the city. In the course of the last two UBACYT projects, one completed and the other in progress, we have worked on crafting the methodology of analysis, case studies, and intervention proposals. The methodology consists of the analysis of the landscape units in the territory, followed by an ethnographic and semi-structured approach with the actors living in the territory. Perceptual maps, inspired by Kevin Lynch’s model, but with original variables that contrast with our object of research, are made to identify these urban spaces.